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Courland (Latvia)

Last modified: 2004-07-31 by dov gutterman
Keywords: latvia | courland | kurshi | kurzeme | vidzeme | latgale | pilten |
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Courland is geographicaly 1/5 of Latvia, politicaly was 1/3 of Latvia .Curonia (latin) comes from Kurshi tribes settled in modern western Latvia and western Lithuania (see Kursiu nerija in Lithuania). Mostly all german ascent population are colonists from Brandenburg and Lower Germany. Knights (Swordbrothers - later Livonian ordem - was a warriors ordem and keep only military and church power). Theutonic state ends (IIRC) in 15 century. After them there was many independent and quasiindependent states, greatest was Duchie of Courland (16-18cc) and Pilten Bishopy.. Real power of germans (baltic germans) ends only after revolution in 1905 and landreform in 1922
Courland as name never expieres. Duchie of Courland after incorporation in Russian Empire was renamer in Courlands Gouvernorate (Kurljandskaja Gubernija).
During WWI ,Germany planed a protectorate over the Baltic between 1917 (Russia's withdrawal from the war) and 1918 (German defeat).This project was never realised (was not accepted by German kaiser). More realistic was "Ostland project" - creating of german state in base of former Courland, Livland and Estland gouvernorates.In pre-WWII Latvia (also in modern Latvia). Courland was one of constitutional parts of Latvia (Kurzeme, Vidzeme, Latgale - three stars in Latvian CoA).
Gvido Petersons, 29 June 1999

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